Basic eye care

Dogs and cats come in all different shapes and sizes, and so do their eyes. Normal eyes have a snug fitting, black rimmed eyelid that covers up the white part (conjunctiva) of the eye. Dogs and cats also have a third eyelid that can give extra protection. It looks like a pink membrane that sits in the inside corner of the eye. The cornea is the clear and shiny, smooth surface of the eyeball. It gets all its nourishment from the tear film that constantly flows over the cornea and collects in the lower lid to drain away through the tear duct into the nose. Most of the breed related eye problems we see have to do with changes to the size of the eyes, the shape of the eyelids and the length of the nose. The most common complaints are increased tearing and corner eye stains. Continue reading